Requires: two regular balloons, shape balloons and a balloon pump (optional),
a liquid measuring cup, a clear cup, water, a tall and thin, and a short and wide container,
a freezer (home assignment), marker or crayon
Defines matter and explores the characteristics of the states of matter: solid, liquid, gas and plasma
a clean flat area to do the projects:
hard or soft, cold or hot,
rough or smooth, heavy or light.
wet and flowing,
with no fixed shape of its own.
a balloon with water.
a liquid takes the shape of its container.
Look at the shape of the liquid in . . .
the space it occupies.
and the other is short and wide,
THEY BOTH HAVE THE SAME AMOUNT: 1 CUP.
A cup is a cup is a cup.
has more water
TALL glass or jar.
the same space or volume,
NO matter where you pour it.
contained or flowing...
AIR! AIR! AIR!
Air is made of gases.
You use air to make
other gases all the time.
oxygen (O2) gas.
methane - CH4.
carbon dioxide (CO2).
of the ballon, as the water did
into many shapes? WHY
Let’s find out.
be in MORE than ONE of these
at least a few hours.
with a permanent marker or crayon.
liquid (mostly water) into solid ice!
It is bigger.
or plastic container with water, seal it with a lid or cap and put it in the freezer
The plastic tends to stretch.
of the ice different from the marked height of water
be solid ice.
be a gas, a vapor.
of the matter in the observable universe is
our own SUN
is neither a solid,
a liquid or a gas.
It is PLASMA!
Plasma particles are
and extremely energetic.
none of which are observed
under normal conditions here on Earth,
have been found.
Let's save these for another day!